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Sev talks about SAFER at Paranal

Sev talks about SAFER at Paranal

Just before we left Sev (RAL Space) the project manager of SAFER gave a talk to people at the Paranal Observatory. There were some projector problems in the beginning so the recording starts rather suddenly. Also once again sorry about the quality the light levels at ESO have to be kept low and we were not equipped for low light recording. Anyway enjoy the talk:

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ESA publication on SAFER

Today ESA published the 3rd article on the SAFER field tests, please visit the ESA website: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering/ESA_rover_completes_exploring_Mars-like_desert

SAFER team celebrate

SAFER team celebrate

The work is far from over, the study team will continue analysing data and publishing results but for now the field trial part of the trial is over. Both the Atacama team and RCC celebrates the end of the successful trials.

credit: Gerd Hudepohl (ESO)

credit: Gerd Hudepohl (ESO)

note: this in not the entire RCC team credit: Lorraine Moody (Catapult)

note: this in not the entire RCC team
credit: Lorraine Moody (Catapult)

No burst tyres, dust devils or bears can stop these teams.

Large crowd gathers to see Bridget off

Large crowd gathers to see Bridget off

It is time for Bridget to leave after many long hard days out in the desert. But this last day is the day for celebration and many people from the Paranal Observatory gather to watch Bridget’s last traverse before she needs to go back in the shipping crate.

Paranal staff gathers to see the rover. Even the chef is there!

Paranal staff gathers to see the rover. Even the chef is there!

RCC 11th of October – Mark Woods

It’s been an intense but exciting few days at the RCC with operations running from early morning to late at night. The team are based in the CATAPULT centre and are making full use of the large video wall to display data from the sensors and 3D planning tools. Each day begins with a review of the previous sol’s uplinked data in order to allow the team to select new targets or trajectories for further investigation. For the early phases we were joined by senior observers from missions such as ExoMars. The team must quickly check Bridget’s current position given that it must be removed from the site overnight. They then consider good observation points for instruments and safe paths for navigation. A key goal for SAFER was the desire to use information from the various sensors in an integrated way. This allows individual instruments teams to see where their data originated from and allows scientists to understand the terrain in context. Once a plan has been prepared it is dispatched to the LCC team who then forward it onto the rover. Plans can take anywhere from 15 mins to several hours to execute. Whilst awaiting the data to be uplinked from the Rover, the team start to prepare for the next plan and explore what if scenarios in case of any issues. As we enter our last day it’s clear that this has been a fantastic learning experience for all involved. As our lead scientist Susanne noted we had our own “flight moment” on Thursday when the WISDOM team got to see their data displayed in 3D for the first time on Thursday evening. Looking forward to the next field trial! RCC Over and out.

Leander (aged 12) dispatches our final plan! credit: Mark Woods (Scisys)

Leander (aged 12) dispatches our final plan!
credit: Mark Woods (Scisys)

Joanneum Research  DEM integrated into the 3D environment. credit: Mark Woods (Scisys)

Joanneum Research DEM integrated into the 3D environment.
credit: Mark Woods (Scisys)

WISDOM team exploring their 3D GPR scans. credit: Mark Woods (Scisys)

WISDOM team exploring their 3D GPR scans. left to right: Wolf-Stefan Benedix, Sophie Dorizon, Marco Mϋtze, André-Jean Vieau
credit: Mark Woods (Scisys)

Jorge Vago from ESA discussing site exploration strategies. credit: Iain Wallace (Scisys)

Jorge Vago from ESA discussing site exploration strategies.
credit: Iain Wallace (Scisys)

Susanne our lead Geologist pointing to candidate drilling sites credit: Mark Woods

Susanne our lead Geologist pointing to candidate drilling sites
credit: Mark Woods (Scisys)

Bridget on the field

Bridget on the field

Bridget rover heading out to the starting point of the new day's trials credit: Sev Gunes-Lasnet (RAL Space)

Bridget rover heading out to the starting point of the new day’s trials
credit: Sev Gunes-Lasnet (RAL Space)

Every day Bridget needs to get down from the Beast and take a long traverse to the end of the previous day’s run which is the start of the day’s run. Equipped with all the instruments once again Bridget is heading out. Once in position she will receive the plan from RCC just like the download would happen to a Mars rover and start executing the tasks autonomously.

SAFER Progress – Michel Van Winnendael (ESA)

During the past few days the preparations for the actual trial, which started a week ago, have proceeded well. A number of sites in the area in the Atacama desert where part of the team is located, have been visited. Based on guidance provided by Chilean geologist Prof. Guillermo Chong the team’s geologist Derek Pullan of the University of Leicester has been exploring the area looking for sites which are analogous to those on which the instruments, which used in the trial, would be deployed on Mars. Based on this information a consensus was reached within the local team on the choice of the site, which they called “SAFER valley”. On Sunday night a digital elevation map, acquired in the field by a UAV, was sent to the Remote Control Centre (RCC), simulating orbital imagery of the rover’s surrounding terrain on Mars. For this campaign the RCC is located at the Catapult Facility in Harwell, UK.

Yellow circle indicating rover start position and red circles are the two ways to proceed for the first traverse.

Yellow circle indicating rover start position and red circles are the two ways to proceed for the first traverse.
credit: RAL Space

The instruments used in this test support the search for good locations for collecting subsurface samples on Mars which may contain signs of past or present life.
The PanCam (Panoramic Camera) instrument has been designed to search for textural information on rocks and other information that will help in revealing the geological characteristics of the Martian environment.
This instrument will provide stereo and 3D imagery of the terrain around the Rover. In particular, the Panoramic Camera will be used:
• To help locate the landing site and Rover position with respect to local geographical references;
• To provide the geological context of the sites explored by the Rover;
• To support the selection of the best sites to carry out exobiology studies;
• To study properties of the atmosphere and of other variable phenomena.
PanCam will also support the scientific measurements of other Rover instruments. It will capture high-resolution images of locations that are difficult to access, such as craters or rock walls. On the ESA rover of the 2018 ExoMars mission PanCam will monitor the sample from the drill before it is ingested and crushed inside the Rover, where the Analytical Laboratory instruments will perform a detailed chemical, physical, and spectral analysis. For the field trial a PanCam emulator, called AUPE-2, is used, which was developed by Aberystwyth University.
Vision Processing in 3D of PanCam data is an essential component of mission planning and scientific data analysis. Standard ground vision processing products will be digital terrain maps, panoramas, and virtual views of the environment. A vision ground processing workflow has been performed by the PanCam 3D Vision Team, under coordination of Joanneum Research, Austria.

The CLUPI (Close-up Imager) instrument, developed by the Space Exploration Institute in Switzerland, is a robotic substitute to one of the most useful instruments of the geologist field: the hand lens. Imaging of rocks surfaces, soils and wind drift deposits at high resolution is crucial for understanding the geological context of any site where a rover may be active on Mars. CLUPI is optimized for a scientific objective: the characterization of rock outcrops from 10 cm to infinity, and the observation of the cored sample.
The WISDOM ground penetrating radar developed by the LATMOS research lab of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France, will provide a detailed view of the shallow subsurface structure of Mars by sounding the upper layers of its crust. Unlike traditional imaging systems or spectrometers, which are limited to studying the visible surface, this radar will access what lies beneath.
WISDOM will provide the three-dimensional geological context of the terrain covered by the Rover. This additional perspective is vital for a better understanding of the planet’s evolution, and the impact of its changing geology and climate on past and present habitability.
WISDOM’s main science objectives are:
• To investigate the three-dimensional geology and geological evolution of the landing site, and provide information on the general physical characteristics of local rocks, the rock layering and structure;
• To characterise the electromagnetic properties of Martian soil in order to map the scale of diversity in the shallow subsurface; and
• To observe the local distribution of well-compacted, sedimentary deposits that may have been associated with a water-rich environment in the past.

The roving vehicle, on which the prototype instruments have been installed on tuesday morning is provided by Astrium Stevenage, UK, and is called Bridget. The software which controls the activities of the rover and payloads onboard and a counterpart for the remote definition of these activities for this trial has been developed by SCISYS, Bristol, UK.

credit: M. van Winnendael (ESA)

credit: M. van Winnendael (ESA)

Although this test is not part of the ExoMars mission development and the industrial team differs from the one building the flight rover, in this field trial a procedure for operating the ExoMars rover mission will be verified and possibly optimized in practice. On Monday evening, before the instrumented Bridget rover was in the field a set of PanCam images was sent to the RCC. Based on this data combined with the digital elevation map received previously the remote control team had to make a first decision about the path to be executed by the rover on Tuesday. On Tuesday morning the Local Control Centre was set up, the rover was deployed in the field and the instruments were installed on the rover, while the RCC uploaded the desired path and the first program of data acquisition activities. Some debugging and manual interventions were needed during this initial phase. Nevertheless, after a long working day in the desert until sunset, the collected instrument data were set to the RCC.